What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Extended Care: A Patchwork of Possibilities What is your plan for health care during retirement? Is Term Life Insurance for You? Term insurance is the simplest form of life insurance. Here's how it works. Long-Term-Care Protection Strategies The chances of needing long-term care, its cost, and strategies for covering that cost.